Check your balls

Self examination

All men should be familiar with how their testicles normally feel in order to detect any abnormalities.

It is recommended that men examine their testicles once a month for any changes. The examination is best carried out during or after a warm shower when the skin is relaxed.

Each testicle should be gently rolled between the thumb and fingers for to check for any changes.

What are the symptoms?

The following symptoms need to be investigated to rule out testicular cancer. They can also be symptoms of other conditions:

  • A small firm lump in one of the testicles (usually painless)
  • A heavy feeling in the scrotum
  • Swelling in either testicle
  • Fluid collected in the scrotum
  • Pain or aching in the groin, scrotum, testicle or stomach
  • Tender or enlarged male breasts

A lump in the testicle may also be a cyst, hernia, or possibly a swollen blood vessel. An inflammed epididymis (a small gland) is a common cause of discomfort in the testicular region. However, any change needs to be checked by a doctor.

Video explanation

Video courtesy of Testicular Cancer NZ

Page information courtesy of Family Doctor NZ